Lecture 5: Object-Oriented Concepts

This lecture introduces the key ideas behind object-oriented programming. It examines how object-oriented thinking provides a different way of viewing the world, and defines what objects and classes actually are. It explores the idea that software classes are simplified abstractions of real-world classes, and looks at some of the features of a Java class definition. It contrasts Java classes with C structs and highlights a key benefit of the object-oriented approach: encapsulation.