### Exercise 1: A Basic Java Program

Create a directory for this exercise. In that directory, create a file named `Weight.java`. In this file, create a class named `Weight`, containing a program that converts a weight in kilograms into the equivalent weight in old-fashioned Imperial units of pounds and ounces.

Your program should allow the weight in kilograms to be input by the user as a floating-point value, and it should represent this value internally using the `double` type. It should convert this value into numbers of pounds and ounces, using an `int` variable to represent the number of pounds and a `double` variable to represent the number of ounces. The program should display the converted weight in a single line of output. The number of ounces should be displayed with 1 decimal place of accuracy.

Here is an example of what the user should see when running the program from a terminal window:

``````\$ java Weight
Enter weight in kilograms: 1.8
Equivalent imperial weight is 3 lb 15.5 oz
``````

Note that the output uses the standard abbreviations for pounds and ounces: ’lb’ and ‘oz’.

#### Tips

• Use the `Scanner` class to handle input of the weight in kg – see Section 2.4.6 of Eck’s book or the API documentation for examples.

• Use a single call to `System.out.printf()` to output the result. Remember that this works in a similar way to C’s `printf()` function.

• Follow a two-step approach, in which the weight is converted first into a total number of ounces. You can easily google the required conversion formula for this. The second step is to break down the total number of ounces into a whole number of pounds and the remaining number of ounces, noting that there are 16 ounces in a pound. You’ll find the `%` operator useful here.